Introduction: Best surgical approach of axillary staging remains controversial in locally recurrent breast cancer. We evaluated the reliability of repeat sentinel lymph node biopsy (reSLNB) in patients with ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) after breast conserving surgery (BCS) with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in terms of identification rate (IR) and false negative rate (FNR). To address the FNR, we identified patients who underwent sequential axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) after reSLNB. Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were conducted to identify patient-level data from articles. We searched for data of patients who underwent BCS with SLNB for primary breast cancer and who underwent sequential ALND after reSLNB due to local recurrence. Patients data was also identified by the same criteria at two institutions. Results: In total, 197 peer-reviewed publications were obtained, of which 20 included patients who met the eligibility criteria. Data from 464 patients were collected. From the two institutions, 31 patients were identified. A total of 495 patients were pooled. The IR of reSLNB was 71.9% (356/495). To address the FNR of reSLNB, 171 patients who underwent ALND after reSLNB were identified. The FNR and accuracy of reSLNB were 9.4% (5/53) and 97.1% (165/170), respectively. Conclusion: Our pooled data analysis showed that the FNR of reSLNB is lower than 10%, indicating that this operation is a reliable axillary surgery in patients with IBTR after they underwent BCS.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2020 Yoon, Ahn, Kim, Choi, Bae, Cha, Park and Jeong.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research