Representative Bureaucracy, Organizational Integrity, and Citizen Coproduction: Does an Increase in Police Ethnic Representativeness Reduce Crime?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 1999, the U.K. government set force-specific 10-year targets for recruiting new police officers from ethnic minorities. Using these targets as instrumental variables, this study finds that this policy mandating an increase in the share of ethnic minority officers in a given force is associated with a decrease in the number of crimes in the area under the force's jurisdiction during the 10-year period. It is argued that greater representativeness and diversity within a public organization improves organizational integrity, which influences bureaucrats’ attitudes and behaviors toward minority citizens. In the context of policing, diversity can mitigate the institutionalized practice of officers acting on implicit assumptions about minorities being inherently more unlawful than whites: Police representativeness is associated with a decrease in the overrepresentation of black individuals among those subject to “stop and search.” Such a change may make minority citizens more willing to cooperate in the coproduction of public values, facilitating the attainment of organizational goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-33
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Policy Analysis and Management
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

Fingerprint

coproduction
bureaucracy
integrity
police
minority
offense
citizen
national minority
organizational goal
police officer
jurisdiction
organization
Police
Representative bureaucracy
Minorities
Crime
Integrity
Co-production
Values
Ethnic minorities

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

Cite this

@article{498d205ad0704b35a688221f95a5b159,
title = "Representative Bureaucracy, Organizational Integrity, and Citizen Coproduction: Does an Increase in Police Ethnic Representativeness Reduce Crime?",
abstract = "In 1999, the U.K. government set force-specific 10-year targets for recruiting new police officers from ethnic minorities. Using these targets as instrumental variables, this study finds that this policy mandating an increase in the share of ethnic minority officers in a given force is associated with a decrease in the number of crimes in the area under the force's jurisdiction during the 10-year period. It is argued that greater representativeness and diversity within a public organization improves organizational integrity, which influences bureaucrats’ attitudes and behaviors toward minority citizens. In the context of policing, diversity can mitigate the institutionalized practice of officers acting on implicit assumptions about minorities being inherently more unlawful than whites: Police representativeness is associated with a decrease in the overrepresentation of black individuals among those subject to “stop and search.” Such a change may make minority citizens more willing to cooperate in the coproduction of public values, facilitating the attainment of organizational goals.",
author = "Sounman Hong",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/pam.21876",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "11--33",
journal = "Journal of Policy Analysis and Management",
issn = "0276-8739",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Representative Bureaucracy, Organizational Integrity, and Citizen Coproduction

T2 - Does an Increase in Police Ethnic Representativeness Reduce Crime?

AU - Hong, Sounman

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - In 1999, the U.K. government set force-specific 10-year targets for recruiting new police officers from ethnic minorities. Using these targets as instrumental variables, this study finds that this policy mandating an increase in the share of ethnic minority officers in a given force is associated with a decrease in the number of crimes in the area under the force's jurisdiction during the 10-year period. It is argued that greater representativeness and diversity within a public organization improves organizational integrity, which influences bureaucrats’ attitudes and behaviors toward minority citizens. In the context of policing, diversity can mitigate the institutionalized practice of officers acting on implicit assumptions about minorities being inherently more unlawful than whites: Police representativeness is associated with a decrease in the overrepresentation of black individuals among those subject to “stop and search.” Such a change may make minority citizens more willing to cooperate in the coproduction of public values, facilitating the attainment of organizational goals.

AB - In 1999, the U.K. government set force-specific 10-year targets for recruiting new police officers from ethnic minorities. Using these targets as instrumental variables, this study finds that this policy mandating an increase in the share of ethnic minority officers in a given force is associated with a decrease in the number of crimes in the area under the force's jurisdiction during the 10-year period. It is argued that greater representativeness and diversity within a public organization improves organizational integrity, which influences bureaucrats’ attitudes and behaviors toward minority citizens. In the context of policing, diversity can mitigate the institutionalized practice of officers acting on implicit assumptions about minorities being inherently more unlawful than whites: Police representativeness is associated with a decrease in the overrepresentation of black individuals among those subject to “stop and search.” Such a change may make minority citizens more willing to cooperate in the coproduction of public values, facilitating the attainment of organizational goals.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84949844457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84949844457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/pam.21876

DO - 10.1002/pam.21876

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84949844457

VL - 35

SP - 11

EP - 33

JO - Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

JF - Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

SN - 0276-8739

IS - 1

ER -