The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), an essential serine/threonine kinase, functions in biochemically distinct multiprotein complexes, but little is known about roles of the complexes in B cells. The acutely rapamycin-sensitive mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) is defined by a core subunit Raptor, whereas mTORC2 lacks Raptor and, instead, has Rictor and SIN1 as distinct essential components. We now show that homeostasis and function of B cells require Rictor. Conditional deletion of Rictor before lymphoid specification impaired generation of mature follicular, marginal zone, and B1a B lymphocytes. Induced inactivation in adult mice caused cell-Autonomous defects in B lymphoid homeostasis and antibody responses in vivo, along with affecting plasma cells in bone marrow. Survival of B lymphocytes depended on Rictor, which was vital for normal induction of prosurvival genes, suppression of proapoptotic genes, nuclear factor kB induction after B-cell receptor stimulation, and B-cell activating factor-induced nuclear factor kB2/p52 generation. Collectively, the findings provide evidence that mTOR signaling affects survival and proliferation of mature B lymphocytes, and establish Rictor as an important signal relay in B-cell homeostasis, fate, and functions. (Blood. 2013;122(14):2369-2379).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (grant HL106812 to M.B.), and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (grant AI041649 to R.R.).
We thank Vanderbilt cores and institutional Cancer Center Support Grant and Diabetes Center grants.
©2013 by The American Society of Hematology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology