Rescue use of abciximab improves regional left ventricular function after early incomplete reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction

G. Y. Cho, C. W. Lee, M. K. Hong, D. H. Kang, J. K. Song, J. J. Kim, S. W. Park, S. J. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Abciximab was shown to have important beneficial effects beyond the maintenance of epicardial coronary artery patency. However, it remains uncertain whether abciximab may lead to a better functional outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and with incomplete reperfusion after primary angioplasty (PA). Hypothesis: The study aimed to evaluate whether rescue use of abciximab may lead to a better functional outcome in such patients. Methods: The study included 25 patients with first AMI who met the following criteria: (1) total occlusion of the infarct-related artery. (2) PA within 12 h of symptom onset. (3) postprocedural diameter stenosis < 30%, and final Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 2. Echocardiographic examination was performed before and on Days 7 and 30 after PA. The study population was divided into two groups: Group 1 (usual care, n = 13) and Group 2 (rescue use of abciximab, n = 12). Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. Results: Peak level of creatine kinase was higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (5.800 ± 2,700 vs. 3.800 ± 2,000 U/1. p < 0.05). At 1 month follow-up, infarct zone wall motion score index (2.71 ± 0.26 vs. 2.05 ± 0.63, p < 0.01) and left ventricular (LV) volume indices were smaller in Group 2 than in Group 1, whereas LV ejection fraction was higher in Group 2 than in Group 1 (52.1 ± 7.8 vs. 42.1 ± 6.4, p < 0.01). At 1-month, abciximab was the only independent predictor of wall motion recovery index by multiple regression analysis. Conclusions: Rescue use of abciximab may reduce the infarct size in patients with AMI and TIMI grade 2 flow after PA. which may improve the recovery of regional LV function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-201
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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