Research and development perspectives of lignocellulose-based biohydrogen production

Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Periyasamy Sivagurunathan, Biswarup Sen, Ackmez Mudhoo, Gustavo Davila-Vazquez, Guangyi Wang, Sang Hyoun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) using dark fermentation is an interesting research niche being developed over the last decade. This review analyses the relevant studies which focused on biohydrogen production from LCB using dark fermentation techniques in terms of substrate characterization, bottlenecks associated with the pretreatment and its subsequent utilization, possible remedies for the scale-up of the most adapted processes and finally the prospects and suggestions which may be envisaged. Studies dealing primarily with the utilization of raw and pretreated LCB have been assessed in terms of biohydrogen production performance for production rate and yield. Energy production analysis and prospecting of suitable cellulosic biomass and efficient cellulolytic microbes have been elucidated towards better cellulose hydrolysis and efficient conversion of LCB to H2 in addition to process economics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-238
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Biomaterials
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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