Resistance Factors for LRFD of Laterally Loaded Drilled Shafts in Sands Characterized for Transmission Line Structures

Garam Kim, Dongwook Kim, Junhwan Lee

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4 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the resistance factors (RF) in the load and resistance factor design (LRFD) for the drilled-shaft foundation of transmission line structures subjected to lateral loads were investigated. Various load test results were collected to establish a database and used in the reliability analysis. The first-order reliability method (FORM) was implemented to calibrate RF for the Broms, Brinch-Hansen, and Prasad and Chari methods. Loads for transmission line structures were categorized and characterized statistically for calibrating RF. Uncertainties of the transverse tension load (TTL), wind-on-structure load (WLs), and wind-on-ice-coated conductor load (WLc), all dominant in transmission line structures, were evaluated. RF varied largely with nominal load ratios of WLs/TTL and WLc/TTL, which should be considered for the selection of RF in the design to maintain a consistent safety margin. Increases in nominal WLs and WLc induced higher RF while increasing nominal TTL yielded lower RF. The higher RF values obtained in this study were due to the low bias factors of wind-induced loads and the large load factors of the tension and wind loads. The equivalent factor of safety (FSeq) was evaluated and analyzed for the proposed RFs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04021017
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Society of Civil Engineers.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Environmental Science(all)


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