Restorative proctocolectomy (total proctocolectomy and ileal J pouch anal anastomosis) has been accepted as the operation of choice in the setting of chronic ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis. The purpose of this study was to assess operative safety and functional outcome after restorative proctocolectomy. A total of sixteen patients underwent surgery between January 1996 and December 1999. Hand sewn anastomosis with diverting ileostomy was performed in 9 patients and double stapled anastomosis in 7 patients. The underlying disease was ulcerative colitis in 9 cases and familial adenomatous polyposis in 7. Postoperative complications developed in 8 cases (50%), and intestinal obstruction was found in 4 cases (2 cases were operated upon). Anastomosis related complications were stenosis (n=2), leak (n=1) and perianal abscess (n=1). All patients were followed up at the outpatient clinic using questionnaires, with a mean follow up period of 19.9 months. The frequency of bowel movement was 8.2 per day in hand sewn anastomosis (HS), and 12 per day in double stapled anastomosis (DS) 3 months after surgery (period 1). This frequency decreased to 5.5 per day in HS, and 4.6 per day in DS after one year (period 2). Day and night continence was shown in 12/15, and 5/15, respectively in period 1, but improved to 10/11, and 10/11, respectively in period 2. Night time incontinence was noted in 10 of 15 patients in period 1 (seepage 3/15, soiling 7/15). The need to take anti-diarrheal medication, and to use a pad was noted in 2/15, and 10/15, respectively in period 1, but no patient took antidiarrheal medication or wore a protective pad in period 2. Postoperative urinary function was satisfactory in 13/14 patients. Postoperative sexual function was analyzed in a total of 8 patients, who showed good erection (5/5), ejaculation (5/5) and satisfactory sexual life (5/5). In females, 3 patients showed a satisfactory sexual life. In conclusion, restorative proctocolectomy for chronic ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis can be performed safely with excellent functional outcomes, including bowel movement, urinary and sexual functions one year after surgery.
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