Retrospective comparison of infusional 5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and mitomycin-C (modified FAM) combination chemotherapy versus palliative therapy in treatment of advanced gastric cancer

Joon Oh Park, Hyuncheol Chung, Jae Yong Cho, SunYoung Rha, Nae Choon You, Joo Hang Kim, Sung Hoon Noh, Choong Bai Kim, Jin Sik Min, Byung Soo Kim, Jae Kyung Roh

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Abstract

About one-third of patients with gastric cancer are unresectable at the time of diagnosis. Their median survival is < 6 months, with a grave prognosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a modified FAM (mFAM) regimen in advanced gastric cancer. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 409 advanced gastric cancer patients who had not received curative surgery. Among 409 patients, 202 patients were treated with an mFAM regimen (infusional 5-FU + doxorubocin + mitomycin-C), and 207 patients received no chemotherapy (control group). No differences were found in clinical parameters between the two groups. The 1-year survival rates were 34.1% for the mFAM-treated group and 22.5% for the control group (p = 0.0135). In subset analysis, a higher 1-year survival rate was demonstrated in patients with mFAM and palliative surgery. Of the 154 evaluable patients in the mFAM-treated group, the response rate was 17.5%. In these patients, median response duration was 30 weeks, and progression-free survival was 23 weeks. Overall toxicity of mFAM regimen was relatively tolerable and reversible. In conclusion, FAM combination chemotherapy, which has been used as a standard therapy, prolonged survival after modification of the administration schedule and combination with palliative surgery. A prospective randomized study is warranted to confirm this conclusion from our retrospective study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-489
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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