For three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators that have a layered structure, strain was used to control critical physical properties. Here, we show that tensile strain decreases bulk carrier density while accentuating transport of topological surface state using temperature-dependent resistance and magneto-resistance measurements, terahertz-time domain spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. The induced strain was confirmed by transmittance X-ray scattering measurements. The results show the possibility of reversible topological surface state device control using structural deformation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering