Reversible wettability control of silicon nanowire surfaces: From superhydrophilicity to superhydrophobicity

Jungmok Seo, Soonil Lee, Heetak Han, Youngwon Chung, Jaehong Lee, Sung Dae Kim, Young Woon Kim, Sangwoo Lim, Taeyoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bio-inspired superhydrophobic surfaces have attracted considerable attention due to their potential applications. Although various techniques to fabricate artificial superhydrophobic surfaces have been demonstrated, most of the methods lack water adherence or controllable wetting properties of the surfaces, which hinders their practical usage. In this paper, we present a simple approach to fabricate water-adhesive superhydrophobic silicon nanowire (Si NW) surfaces by applying a thermal annealing treatment in oxygen ambient. The Si NW arrays were fabricated using a metal assisted chemical etching method. After the cycled rapid thermal annealing (RTA) process at 1000 C under oxygen ambient, the water contact angle of the Si NW surface changed dramatically from 0 to 154.3 with high water-adhesive properties. This drastic change of the wettability could be attributed to the formed siloxane groups (- Si-O-Si-) on the thermally-treated Si NW surfaces; H2O is released from two adjacent silanol groups (-Si-O-H) to form siloxane groups during the RTA process. When the annealed Si NW was exposed in air, the wettability of the superhydrophobic Si NW was reconverted due to the re-formation of silanol groups (-Si-O-H). The wettability conversion of Si NW between superhydrophilic and superhydrophobic was repeated with good reversibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume527
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Silicon
wettability
Nanowires
Wetting
nanowires
silicon
Siloxanes
Water
Rapid thermal annealing
siloxanes
adhesives
water
annealing
Adhesives
Oxygen
oxygen
wetting
Contact angle
Etching
Metals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Seo, Jungmok ; Lee, Soonil ; Han, Heetak ; Chung, Youngwon ; Lee, Jaehong ; Kim, Sung Dae ; Kim, Young Woon ; Lim, Sangwoo ; Lee, Taeyoon. / Reversible wettability control of silicon nanowire surfaces : From superhydrophilicity to superhydrophobicity. In: Thin Solid Films. 2013 ; Vol. 527. pp. 179-185.
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Reversible wettability control of silicon nanowire surfaces : From superhydrophilicity to superhydrophobicity. / Seo, Jungmok; Lee, Soonil; Han, Heetak; Chung, Youngwon; Lee, Jaehong; Kim, Sung Dae; Kim, Young Woon; Lim, Sangwoo; Lee, Taeyoon.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 527, 01.01.2013, p. 179-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Seo, Jungmok

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