Review paper: A critical review of the present and future prospects for electronic paper

Jason Heikenfeld, Paul Drzaic, Jong Souk Yeo, Tim Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

223 Citations (Scopus)


The commercial success of monochrome electronic paper (e-Paper) is now propelling the development of next-generation flexible, video, and color e-Paper products. Unlike the early battles in the 1980s and 1990s between transmissive and emissive display technologies, there is a extraordinary diversity of technologies vying to become the next generation of e-Paper. A critical review of all major e-Paper technologies, including a technical breakdown of the performance limitations based on device physics and commentary on possible future breakthroughs, is presented. In addition, the visual requirements for color e-Paper are provided and compared to standards used in conventional print. It is concluded that researchers have much work remaining in order to bridge the significant gap between reflective electronic displays and print-on-paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-156
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of the Society for Information Display
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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