Extraprostatic extension (EPE) is a factor in determining pT3a stage in prostate cancer. However, the only distinction in EPE is whether it is focal or non-focal, causing diagnostic and prognostic ambiguity. We substaged pT3a malignancies using classification of EPE to improve personalized prognostication. We evaluated 465 radical prostatectomy specimens with a digital image analyzer by measuring the number, radial distance and two-dimensional square area of the EPE. The most significant cut-off value was proposed as an algorithm for the pT3a substaging system to predict biochemical recurrence (BCR). A combination of the radial distance and the number of EPEs predicted BCR the most effectively. The optimal cut-off criteria were 0.75 mm and 2 mm in radial distance and multifocal EPE (hazard ratio: 2.526, C-index 0.656). The pT3a was subdivided into pT3a1, < 0.75 mm and any number of EPEs; pT3a2, 0.75-2 mm and one EPE; and pT3a3, > 2 mm and any number of EPEs or 0.75-2 mm and ≥ 2 EPEs. This combined tier was highly significant in the prediction of BCR-free survival. The combination of radial distance and number of EPEs could be used to subdivide pT3a prostate cancer and may aid in the prediction of BCR.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Jul 6|
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