Risk assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma development for indeterminate hepatic nodules in patients with chronic hepatitis B

Haneulsaem Shin, Yeon Woo Jung, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang Hyub Han, Yeun Yoon Kim, Jin Young Choi, Seung Up Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: A risk prediction model for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from indeterminate nodules detected on computed tomography (CT) (RadCT score) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)-related cirrhosis was proposed. We validated this model for indeterminate nodules on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: Between 2013 and 2016, Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) 2/3 nodules on MRI were detected in 99 patients with CHB. The RadCT score was calculated. Results: The median age of the 72 male and 27 female subjects was 58 years. HCC history and liver cirrhosis were found in 47 (47.5%) and 44 (44.4%) patients, respectively. The median RadCT score was 112. The patients with HCC (n=41, 41.4%) showed significantly higher RadCT scores than those without (median, 119 vs. 107; P=0.013); the Chinese university-HCC and risk estimation for HCC in CHB (REACH-B) scores were similar (both P>0.05). Arterial enhancement, T2 hyperintensity, and diffusion restriction on MRI were not significantly different in the univariate analysis (all P>0.05); only the RadCT score significantly predicted HCC (hazard ratio [HR]=1.018; P=0.007). Multivariate analysis showed HCC history was the only independent HCC predictor (HR=2.374; P=0.012). When the subjects were stratified into three risk groups based on the RadCT score (<60, 60–105, and >105), the cumulative HCC incidence was not significantly different among them (all P>0.05, log-rank test). Conclusions: HCC history, but not RadCT score, predicted CHB-related HCC development from LI-RADS 2/3 nodules. New risk models optimized for MRI-defined indeterminate nodules are required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-399
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Molecular Hepatology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Risk assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma development for indeterminate hepatic nodules in patients with chronic hepatitis B'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this