Risk factors and outcomes of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding in intestinal Behçet’s disease

Jihye Park, Jae Hee Cheon, Yong Eun Park, Yoon Jee Lee, Hyun Jung Lee, Soo Jung Park, Sung Pil Hong, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Intestinal Behçet’s disease (BD) can cause acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding, which is sometimes fatal. Aim: We aimed to identify the risk factors and outcomes of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding and factors associated with rebleeding in intestinal BD patients. Methods: Of the total of 588 intestinal BD patients, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 66 (11.2%) patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding and compared them with those of 132 matched patients without bleeding. Results: The baseline characteristics were comparable between the bleeding group (n = 66) and the non-bleeding group (n = 132). On multivariate analysis, the independent factors significantly associated with lower gastrointestinal bleeding were older age (>52 years) (hazard ratio [HR] 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.058–4.684, p = 0.035) and a nodular ulcer margin (HR 7.1, 95% CI 2.084–24.189, p = 0.002). Rebleeding occurred in 23 patients (34.8%). Female patients (p = 0.044) and those with previous use of corticosteroids or azathioprine (p = 0.034) were more likely to develop rebleeding. On multivariate analysis, only use of steroids or azathioprine was significantly associated with rebleeding (HR 3.2, 95% CI 1.070–9.462, p = 0.037). Conclusions: Age >52 years and the presence of a nodular margin of the ulcer were found to be related to increased risk of bleeding in patients with intestinal BD. Rebleeding is not uncommon and not effectively prevented with currently available medications. Further studies are warranted to identify effective measures to decrease rebleeding in intestinal BD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-751
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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