Risk Factors Associated With Near-Lethal Suicide Attempts During Incarceration Among Men in the Spanish Prison System

Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael George Vaughn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies conducted worldwide indicate that near-lethal suicide attempts are common among incarcerated populations. However, little research attention has been focused on the Spanish prison population. To address this gap in the literature, data were drawn from a sample of men (N = 2,270) incarcerated in seven prisons in Spain. We compared sociodemographic, criminal/offense, health and mental health, and life events in prison variables between inmates who reported making near-lethal suicide attempts (n = 616) and those who did not (n = 1,654) during their current incarceration term. A series of binary and multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that a variety of variables were associated (p values <.001) with near-lethal suicide attempts, including prior-to-prison employment status, family members in prison, recidivist in prison, childhood trauma, work status in prison, and disciplinary infractions. Our study findings are discussed in light of developing more effective strategies and prevention interventions to reduce attempted suicide in the Spanish Prison System.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1452-1473
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 1

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Prisons
Suicide
Attempted Suicide
Incarceration
Risk Factors
Prison
Spain
Population
Mental Health
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Health
Wounds and Injuries
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "Studies conducted worldwide indicate that near-lethal suicide attempts are common among incarcerated populations. However, little research attention has been focused on the Spanish prison population. To address this gap in the literature, data were drawn from a sample of men (N = 2,270) incarcerated in seven prisons in Spain. We compared sociodemographic, criminal/offense, health and mental health, and life events in prison variables between inmates who reported making near-lethal suicide attempts (n = 616) and those who did not (n = 1,654) during their current incarceration term. A series of binary and multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that a variety of variables were associated (p values <.001) with near-lethal suicide attempts, including prior-to-prison employment status, family members in prison, recidivist in prison, childhood trauma, work status in prison, and disciplinary infractions. Our study findings are discussed in light of developing more effective strategies and prevention interventions to reduce attempted suicide in the Spanish Prison System.",
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Risk Factors Associated With Near-Lethal Suicide Attempts During Incarceration Among Men in the Spanish Prison System. / Sánchez, Francisco Caravaca; Fearn, Noelle; Vaughn, Michael George.

In: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Vol. 62, No. 6, 01.05.2018, p. 1452-1473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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