Risk factors associated with open gingival embrasures after orthodontic treatment

Sang Su An, Yoon Jeong Choi, Ji Young Kim, Chooryung J. Chung, Kyung Ho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the incidence of and contributing factors to open gingival embrasures between the central incisors after orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: One hundred posttreatment patients (29 men and 71 women; mean age, 24.7 years) were divided retrospectively into occurrence and nonoccurrence groups based on intraoral photographs. Based on the severity, the occurrence group was further divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups. Parameters from periapical radiographs, superimposed lateral cephalograms, and study models were compared between the occurrence and the nonoccurrence groups by using independent t-tests and were also analyzed on the basis of severity via analysis of variance. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the contributing factors to open gingival embrasures. Results: The incidence of open gingival embrasures between the central incisors was 22% and 36% in the maxilla and the mandible, respectively. Lingual movement of the incisors, distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment, antero-posterior overlap of the two central incisors before treatment in the maxilla, and distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment in the mandible were significantly associated with the occurrence of open gingival embrasures (P, .05). In the mandible, the amount of intrusion was significantly related to severity (P, .05). Conclusions: The incidence of open gingival embrasures following orthodontic tooth movement is high. Therefore, attention should be paid to the contributing factors to prevent or reduce the occurrence of open gingival embrasures. (Angle Orthod. 2018;88:267-274).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-274
Number of pages8
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May

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Incisor
Orthodontics
Mandible
Maxilla
Incidence
Tooth Movement Techniques
Therapeutics
Tongue
Analysis of Variance
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

An, Sang Su ; Choi, Yoon Jeong ; Kim, Ji Young ; Chung, Chooryung J. ; Kim, Kyung Ho. / Risk factors associated with open gingival embrasures after orthodontic treatment. In: Angle Orthodontist. 2018 ; Vol. 88, No. 3. pp. 267-274.
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abstract = "Objectives: To investigate the incidence of and contributing factors to open gingival embrasures between the central incisors after orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: One hundred posttreatment patients (29 men and 71 women; mean age, 24.7 years) were divided retrospectively into occurrence and nonoccurrence groups based on intraoral photographs. Based on the severity, the occurrence group was further divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups. Parameters from periapical radiographs, superimposed lateral cephalograms, and study models were compared between the occurrence and the nonoccurrence groups by using independent t-tests and were also analyzed on the basis of severity via analysis of variance. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the contributing factors to open gingival embrasures. Results: The incidence of open gingival embrasures between the central incisors was 22{\%} and 36{\%} in the maxilla and the mandible, respectively. Lingual movement of the incisors, distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment, antero-posterior overlap of the two central incisors before treatment in the maxilla, and distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment in the mandible were significantly associated with the occurrence of open gingival embrasures (P, .05). In the mandible, the amount of intrusion was significantly related to severity (P, .05). Conclusions: The incidence of open gingival embrasures following orthodontic tooth movement is high. Therefore, attention should be paid to the contributing factors to prevent or reduce the occurrence of open gingival embrasures. (Angle Orthod. 2018;88:267-274).",
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Risk factors associated with open gingival embrasures after orthodontic treatment. / An, Sang Su; Choi, Yoon Jeong; Kim, Ji Young; Chung, Chooryung J.; Kim, Kyung Ho.

In: Angle Orthodontist, Vol. 88, No. 3, 05.2018, p. 267-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Kyung Ho

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N2 - Objectives: To investigate the incidence of and contributing factors to open gingival embrasures between the central incisors after orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: One hundred posttreatment patients (29 men and 71 women; mean age, 24.7 years) were divided retrospectively into occurrence and nonoccurrence groups based on intraoral photographs. Based on the severity, the occurrence group was further divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups. Parameters from periapical radiographs, superimposed lateral cephalograms, and study models were compared between the occurrence and the nonoccurrence groups by using independent t-tests and were also analyzed on the basis of severity via analysis of variance. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the contributing factors to open gingival embrasures. Results: The incidence of open gingival embrasures between the central incisors was 22% and 36% in the maxilla and the mandible, respectively. Lingual movement of the incisors, distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment, antero-posterior overlap of the two central incisors before treatment in the maxilla, and distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment in the mandible were significantly associated with the occurrence of open gingival embrasures (P, .05). In the mandible, the amount of intrusion was significantly related to severity (P, .05). Conclusions: The incidence of open gingival embrasures following orthodontic tooth movement is high. Therefore, attention should be paid to the contributing factors to prevent or reduce the occurrence of open gingival embrasures. (Angle Orthod. 2018;88:267-274).

AB - Objectives: To investigate the incidence of and contributing factors to open gingival embrasures between the central incisors after orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: One hundred posttreatment patients (29 men and 71 women; mean age, 24.7 years) were divided retrospectively into occurrence and nonoccurrence groups based on intraoral photographs. Based on the severity, the occurrence group was further divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups. Parameters from periapical radiographs, superimposed lateral cephalograms, and study models were compared between the occurrence and the nonoccurrence groups by using independent t-tests and were also analyzed on the basis of severity via analysis of variance. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the contributing factors to open gingival embrasures. Results: The incidence of open gingival embrasures between the central incisors was 22% and 36% in the maxilla and the mandible, respectively. Lingual movement of the incisors, distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment, antero-posterior overlap of the two central incisors before treatment in the maxilla, and distance from the contact point to the alveolar crest after treatment in the mandible were significantly associated with the occurrence of open gingival embrasures (P, .05). In the mandible, the amount of intrusion was significantly related to severity (P, .05). Conclusions: The incidence of open gingival embrasures following orthodontic tooth movement is high. Therefore, attention should be paid to the contributing factors to prevent or reduce the occurrence of open gingival embrasures. (Angle Orthod. 2018;88:267-274).

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