Risk factors for Elizabethkingia acquisition and clinical characteristics of patients, South Korea

Min Hyuk Choi, Myungsook Kim, Su Jin Jeong, Jun Yong Choi, In Yong Lee, Tai Soon Yong, Dongeun Yong, Seok Hoon Jeong, Kyungwon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elizabethkingia infections are difficult to treat because of intrinsic antimicrobial resistance, and their incidence has recently increased. We conducted a propensity score– matched case–control study during January 2016–June 2017 in South Korea and retrospectively studied data from patients who were culture positive for Elizabethkingia species during January 2009–June 2017. Furthermore, we conducted epidemiologic studies of the hospital environment and mosquitoes. The incidence of Elizabethkingia increased significantly, by 432.1%, for 2016–2017 over incidence for 2009–2015. Mechanical ventilation was associated with the acquisition of Elizabethkingia species. Because Elizabethkingia infection has a high case-fatality rate and is difficult to eliminate, intensive prevention of contamination is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan

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Republic of Korea
Incidence
Propensity Score
Infection
Culicidae
Artificial Respiration
Epidemiologic Studies
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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title = "Risk factors for Elizabethkingia acquisition and clinical characteristics of patients, South Korea",
abstract = "Elizabethkingia infections are difficult to treat because of intrinsic antimicrobial resistance, and their incidence has recently increased. We conducted a propensity score– matched case–control study during January 2016–June 2017 in South Korea and retrospectively studied data from patients who were culture positive for Elizabethkingia species during January 2009–June 2017. Furthermore, we conducted epidemiologic studies of the hospital environment and mosquitoes. The incidence of Elizabethkingia increased significantly, by 432.1{\%}, for 2016–2017 over incidence for 2009–2015. Mechanical ventilation was associated with the acquisition of Elizabethkingia species. Because Elizabethkingia infection has a high case-fatality rate and is difficult to eliminate, intensive prevention of contamination is needed.",
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Risk factors for Elizabethkingia acquisition and clinical characteristics of patients, South Korea. / Choi, Min Hyuk; Kim, Myungsook; Jeong, Su Jin; Choi, Jun Yong; Lee, In Yong; Yong, Tai Soon; Yong, Dongeun; Jeong, Seok Hoon; Lee, Kyungwon.

In: Emerging infectious diseases, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 42-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Choi, Min Hyuk

AU - Kim, Myungsook

AU - Jeong, Su Jin

AU - Choi, Jun Yong

AU - Lee, In Yong

AU - Yong, Tai Soon

AU - Yong, Dongeun

AU - Jeong, Seok Hoon

AU - Lee, Kyungwon

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AB - Elizabethkingia infections are difficult to treat because of intrinsic antimicrobial resistance, and their incidence has recently increased. We conducted a propensity score– matched case–control study during January 2016–June 2017 in South Korea and retrospectively studied data from patients who were culture positive for Elizabethkingia species during January 2009–June 2017. Furthermore, we conducted epidemiologic studies of the hospital environment and mosquitoes. The incidence of Elizabethkingia increased significantly, by 432.1%, for 2016–2017 over incidence for 2009–2015. Mechanical ventilation was associated with the acquisition of Elizabethkingia species. Because Elizabethkingia infection has a high case-fatality rate and is difficult to eliminate, intensive prevention of contamination is needed.

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