Even after complete removal with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS), cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) may recur; however, information about risk factors for recurrence in Asian patients is limited. This retrospective study reviewed cSCC patients treated with MMS at a single tertiary referral center from 2000 to 2017. Two hundred and thirty-seven patients were included and 36 showed recurrence (20 with local recurrence, 16 with distant metastasis). History of organ transplantation, diabetes, other malignancies and poorly differentiated histology correlated with cSCC recurrence. History of organ transplantation and cryotherapy at the cSCC site were related to higher local recurrence rates, and poor differentiation related to higher distant metastasis in Asian cSCC patients treated with MMS.
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