Risk Factors Influencing the Occurrence and Severity of Symptomatic Dry Eye Syndrome: A Cross-sectional Study

Hye Rin Choi, Na Hyun Kim, Ju Mi Lee, Dong Phil Choi, Yuri Seo, Won Kyung Cho, Jong Suk Song, Hyung Keun Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Propose: We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dry eye syndrome (DES) among a population-based cohort study.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 475 subjects (184 men and 291 women) enrolled in the Study Group for Environmental Eye Disease at July 2013. Using the ocular surface disease index (OSDI), we measured the DES severity and defined DES as OSDI score ≥13. Current symptoms of DES and possible risk factors such as body mass index, occupations, comorbidities, exercise, smoking and drinking status were assessed by multivariate logistic regression.Results: Prevalence of DES was significantly higher in women (52.6%) than in men (41.9%) (p < .001). Compared to white-collar workers, blue-collar workers and unemployed persons showed significantly higher DES prevalence and severity. Compared to those with low BMI (<23.0 kg/m2), people with extremely high BMI (≥30.0 kg/m2) had significantly higher odds ratio (OR) of having DES after fully adjusted for sex, age, hypertension, diabetes, menopausal status, hormone replacement therapy, occupation, and lifestyle factors (OR: 2.83, 95% confidence interval: 1.04–7.71).Conclusions: We found some novel factors which have been unknown to the relationship with DES through the five years observation of the cohort. The positive associations of unemployment status, blue-collar work, alcohol habit, and obesity with DES suggests a person’s comprehensive condition, not individual factors, contribute significantly in developing DES. Further studies will be helpful to understand the underlying mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-494
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI13C0055) and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018R1A2B3001110), Republic of Korea. This work has not been published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere in any language.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Risk Factors Influencing the Occurrence and Severity of Symptomatic Dry Eye Syndrome: A Cross-sectional Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this