Background: Although it is essential to know the particular causes of antibiotic-resistant infections in the community, there is lack of evidence regarding risk factors for community-onset extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-KP) bacteraemia in South Korea. As such, this study aimed to identify risk factors for community-onset ESBL-KP bacteraemia. Methods: From May 2016 to April 2017, patients with community-onset KP bloodstream infection (BSI) (n = 408) from six sentinel hospitals participating in the Global Antimicrobial Surveillance System in South Korea were included in this study. Risk factors of ESBL-KP BSI were assessed. Polymerase chain reaction and sequencing to identify genes encoding ESBLs and multi-locus sequence typing were performed. Results: Of the 408 patients with community-onset KP BSI, 70 (17%) had ESBL-KP BSI. Admission to a long-term-care hospital within the previous 3 months [odds ratio (OR) 5.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1–15.6; P = 0.001], previous use of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMT; OR 11.5, 95% CI 2.7–48.6; P = 0.001) or extended-spectrum cephalosporin (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.2–3.9; P = 0.01), and previous use of a urinary catheter (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.1–4.5; P = 0.02) were independent risk factors for community-onset ESBL-KP BSI. ESBL-KP isolates most frequently carried the CTX-M-1 group ESBL (74%, n = 52). The most prevalent sequence type (ST) among the ESBL-KP isolates was ST48 (14%, n = 10). Among non-ESBL-KP isolates, ST23 was most prevalent (21%, n = 70). Conclusion: Previous admission to a long-term-care hospital, use of a urinary catheter and use of TMP/SMT or extended-spectrum cephalosporin within the previous 3 months were identified as risk factors for community-onset ESBL-KP BSI. Strict antibiotic stewardship and infection control measures are needed for long-term-care hospitals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)