Background: Sarcopenia is a significant indicator of the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We investigated whether sarcopenia could identify subgroups with different risk of liver fibrosis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) among subjects with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Methods: Subjects from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008–2011 were selected (n = 8361). Sarcopenia was defined using the sarcopenia index. Hepatic steatosis was defined as a fatty liver index ≥30. Significant liver fibrosis was defined as a fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4) ≥2.67 or the highest quartile of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS). High probability of ASCVD was defined as ASCVD risk score >10%. Results: The mean age was 48.5 ± 15.6 years, and 42.6% of subjects were male. The prevalence of MAFLD was 37.3% (n = 3116 of 8361), and the proportion of sarcopenic subjects was 9.9% among those with MAFLD. After adjusting for confounders, the risk of significant liver fibrosis significantly increased from non-sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD [odds ratio (OR) = 1.57 by FIB-4 and 2.13 by NFS] to sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD (OR = 4.51 by FIB-4 and 5.72 by NFS), compared with subjects without MAFLD (all P < 0.001). The risk for high probability of ASCVD significantly increased from non-sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD (OR = 1.47) to sarcopenic subjects with MAFLD (OR = 4.08), compared with subjects without MAFLD (all P < 0.001). Conclusions: The risks of significant liver fibrosis and ASCVD differed significantly according to sarcopenic status among subjects with MAFLD. An assessment of sarcopenia might be helpful in risk stratification among subjects with MAFLD.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Oct|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Research Supporting Program of the Korean Association for the Study of the Liver and the Korean Liver Foundation, and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (2019R1A2C4070136). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
© 2021 The Authors. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society on Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physiology (medical)