RNF8 plays a critical role in DNA damage response (DDR) to initiate ubiquitination-dependent signaling. To better characterize the role of RNF8 in UV-induced DDR, we searched for novel substrates of RNF8 and identified NONO as one intriguing substrate. We found that: (i) RNF8 ubiquitinates NONO and (ii) UV radiation triggers NONO ubiquitination and its subsequent degradation. Depletion of RNF8 inhibited UV-induced degradation of NONO, suggesting that RNF8 targets NONO for degradation in response to UV damage. In addition, we found that 3 NONO lysine residues (positions 279, 290 and 295) are important for conferring its instability in UV-DDR. Depletion of RNF8 or expression of NONO with lysine to arginine substitutions at positions 279, 290 and 295 prolonged CHK1 phosphorylation over an extended period of time. Furthermore, expression of the stable mutant, but not wild-typeNONO, induced a prolonged S phase following UV exposure. Stable cell lines expressing the stable NONO mutant showed increased UV sensitivity in a clonogenic survival assay. Since RNF8 recruitment to the UV-damaged sites is dependent on ATR, we propose that RNF8-mediated NONO degradation and subsequent inhibition of NONOdependent chromatin loading of TOPBP1, a key activator of ATR, function as a negative feedback loop critical for turning off ATR-CHK1 checkpoint signaling in UV-DDR.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korea government (MSIT) [NRF-2012R1A1A2043191, NRF-2016K1A4A3914113, NRF-2018R1A2B6003455]; Brain Korea 21 (BK21) PLUS Program (to J.-B. Y). Funding for open access charge: National Research Foundation of Korea. Conflict of interest statement. None declared.
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