Robotic assistance in laparoscopic surgery was introduced at the turn of this millennium, marking a milestone in the history of surgery. Urologists were early adopters of robotic technology and the indications of robot-assisted surgery in urology are expanding. Over the last 20 years, the da Vinci surgical system was the dominant system in the robotic surgical market. However, the recent expiration of Intuitive patents has allowed new systems to enter the market more freely. We performed a nonsystematic literature review using the PubMed/MEDLINE search engines. The aim of this review was to briefly summarize the currently available robotic surgical systems for laparoscopic urologic surgery. New surgical devices have already been launched in the robotic market and the da Vinci systems have some competition. The innovation of robotic technology is continuing, and new features such as an open-console design, haptic feedback, smaller instruments, and separately mounted robotic arms have been introduced. A new robotic era is rising, and new systems and technologies enhancing patient care are welcomed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr. Periklis Koukourikis acknowledges the Hellenic Urological Association for the scholarship for training in an International Fellowship program.
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