Objective: We report our experience on 127 kidney surgeries with the da Vinci surgical system and show the feasibility of a robotics application in a variety of kidney surgeries by both a laparoscopically-trained and a laparoscopically-nave surgeon. Methods: Clinical data of patients who underwent kidney surgery with the da Vinci surgical system from September 2006 to April 2009 were reviewed. Data acquired from medical records included patient demographics, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), incidence of intraoperative complication, duration of hospital stay, blood transfusion rate, oncological outcomes, and follow-up results. Result: One-hundred twenty-seven kidney surgeries have been conducted with the da Vinci surgical system at our institution. Three urologists-1 with formal endourology training, 1 with laparoscopic experience, and 1 laparoscopically nave-have used it for a variety of procedures involving the kidney. The cases include 65 partial nephrectomies (RPN), 38 radical nephrectomies (RRN), and 24 nephroureterectomies with bladder cuff (RNU). Results: on operative time, EBL, incidence of intraoperative injury, duration of hospital stay, and blood transfusion rate are comparable with contemporary studies. Conclusions: Robotics application in kidney surgery is a viable option for various procedures. Our experience shows it can be safely and effectively conducted by both laparoscopically-trained and laparoscopically-nave surgeons once they are accustomed to the robotics system.
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