Robust adsorption of Direct Navy Blue-106 from textile industrial effluents by bio-hydrogen fermented waste derived activated carbon: Equilibrium and kinetic studies

S. Kanchi, K. Bisetty, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, M. I. Sabela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The developed bio-hydrogen fermented waste activated carbon (BHFW-AC) has proven to be a cost effective, highly efficient and eco-friendly adsorbent, an alternative (low cost) source of AC for the removal of Direct Navy Blue-106 (DNB-106). This study investigated the feasibility of BHFW at low temperature (100 °C) using chemical carbonization treatment with H3PO4 for 24 h. The parameters pH, temperature, initial dye concentration and contact time have been optimized by batch experiments to increase the adsorption efficiency of the BHFW-AC. Interestingly, the batch adsorption equilibrium data followed the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich models with the Langmuir isotherm providing the best fit to the equilibrium data. On the other hand, the kinetic data followed closely the pseudo-second-order rate kinetic model. Besides, the thermodynamic study showed that the adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S3084-S3096
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May

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Activated carbon
Effluents
Hydrogen
Textiles
Adsorption
Kinetics
Carbonization
Adsorbents
Isotherms
Costs
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Thermodynamics
Temperature
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The developed bio-hydrogen fermented waste activated carbon (BHFW-AC) has proven to be a cost effective, highly efficient and eco-friendly adsorbent, an alternative (low cost) source of AC for the removal of Direct Navy Blue-106 (DNB-106). This study investigated the feasibility of BHFW at low temperature (100 °C) using chemical carbonization treatment with H3PO4 for 24 h. The parameters pH, temperature, initial dye concentration and contact time have been optimized by batch experiments to increase the adsorption efficiency of the BHFW-AC. Interestingly, the batch adsorption equilibrium data followed the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich models with the Langmuir isotherm providing the best fit to the equilibrium data. On the other hand, the kinetic data followed closely the pseudo-second-order rate kinetic model. Besides, the thermodynamic study showed that the adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process.",
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T1 - Robust adsorption of Direct Navy Blue-106 from textile industrial effluents by bio-hydrogen fermented waste derived activated carbon

T2 - Equilibrium and kinetic studies

AU - Kanchi, S.

AU - Bisetty, K.

AU - Kumar, Gopalakrishnan

AU - Sabela, M. I.

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N2 - The developed bio-hydrogen fermented waste activated carbon (BHFW-AC) has proven to be a cost effective, highly efficient and eco-friendly adsorbent, an alternative (low cost) source of AC for the removal of Direct Navy Blue-106 (DNB-106). This study investigated the feasibility of BHFW at low temperature (100 °C) using chemical carbonization treatment with H3PO4 for 24 h. The parameters pH, temperature, initial dye concentration and contact time have been optimized by batch experiments to increase the adsorption efficiency of the BHFW-AC. Interestingly, the batch adsorption equilibrium data followed the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich models with the Langmuir isotherm providing the best fit to the equilibrium data. On the other hand, the kinetic data followed closely the pseudo-second-order rate kinetic model. Besides, the thermodynamic study showed that the adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process.

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