By combining X-ray diffraction with oxygen K-edge absorption spectroscopy we track changes occurring during the K+-Na+ cation exchange of Na-natrolite (Na-NAT) as tightly bonded Na+ cations and H2O molecules convert into a disordered K+-H2O substructure and the unit cell expands by ca. 10% after 50% cation exchange. The coordination of the confined H2O and nonframework cations change from a tetrahedral configuration, similar in ice Ih, with Na + near the middle of the channels in Na-NAT to two-bonded configuration, similar in bulk water, and K+ located near the walls of the framework in K-NAT. This is related to the enhanced ion-exchange properties of K-NAT, which, in marked contrast to Na-NAT, permits the exchange of K+ by a variety of uni-, di-, and trivalent cations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films