We demonstrate the use of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) as an interlayer for improving photovoltaic performance in the inverted polymer solar cells (iPSCs). The conjugation of CdSe and CdSe@ZnS core@shell QDs between polyethylenimine ethoxylated (PEIE) polymer and PTB7:PC71BM blended layer played an important role in increasing the short circuit current density by Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and efficient charge transport. The drastic mutual photoluminescence quenching suggests that the photon energy absorbed by PTB7:PC71BM are effectively transferred to the QDs. The PTB7:PC71BM based iPSCs with the CdSe QDs interlayer exhibits higher power conversion efficiency of 8.13%, which is 13.4% higher than that of the control device. The iPSCs with CdSe@ZnS QDs interlayer showed relatively lower PCE of 7.31%, which could be due to an increase in carrier recombination inside QDs by relatively high energy level of ZnS shell. As a consequence, the enhanced photovoltaic performance of iPSCs with CdSe QDs interlayer can be attributed to an effective charge transport and an increase in the overall photocurrent by FRET.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the financial support from the KIST Institution Program and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT ( NRF-2017R1A2B3002307 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering