Background: Background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) on dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI has been associated with breast cancer risk, both based on qualitative and quantitative assessments. Purpose: To investigate whether BPE of the contralateral breast on preoperative DCE-MRI is associated with therapy outcome in ER-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative invasive breast cancer. Study Type: Retrospective. Population: In all, 289 patients with unilateral ER-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative breast cancer larger than 5 mm. Field Strength/Sequence: 3T, T1-weighted DCE sequence. Assessment: BPE of the contralateral breast was assessed qualitatively by two dedicated radiologists and quantitatively (using region-of-interest and automatic breast segmentation). Statistical Tests: Cox regression analysis was used to determine associations with recurrence-free survival (RFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DFS). Interobserver variability for parenchymal enhancement was assessed using kappa statistics and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: The median follow-up time was 75.8 months. Multivariate analysis showed receipt of total mastectomy (hazard ratio [HR]: 5.497) and high Ki-67 expression level (HR: 5.956) were independent factors associated with worse RFS (P < 0.05). Only a high Ki-67 expression level was associated with worse DFS (HR: 3.571, P = 0.045). BPE assessments were not associated with outcome (RFS [qualitative BPE: P = 0.75, 0.92 for readers 1 and 2; quantitative BPE: P = 0.38-0.99], DFS, [qualitative BPE: P = 0.41, 0.16 for readers 1 and 2; quantitative BPE: P = 0.68-0.99]). For interobserver variability, there was good agreement between qualitative (κ = 0.700) and good to perfect agreement for most quantitative parameters of BPE. Data Conclusion: Contralateral BPE showed no association with survival outcome in patients with ER-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative invasive breast cancer. A high Ki-67 expression level was associated with both worse recurrence-free and distant metastasis-free survival. Level of Evidence: 3. Technical Efficacy: Stage 4. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2018;48:1678–1689.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging