Role of Electric Fields on Enhanced Electron Correlation in Surface-Doped FeSe

Young Woo Choi, Hyoung Joon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Electron-doped high-Tc FeSe reportedly has a strong electron correlation that is enhanced with doping. It has been noticed that significant electric fields exist inevitably between FeSe and external donors along with electron transfer. However, the effects of such fields on the electron correlation are yet to be explored. Here we study potassium- (K-) dosed FeSe layers using density-functional theory combined with dynamical mean-field theory to investigate the roles of such electric fields on the strength of the electron correlation. We find, very interestingly, that the electronic potential-energy difference between the topmost Se and Fe atomic layers, generated by local electric fields of ionized K atoms, weakens the Se-mediated hopping between Fe d orbitals. Since it is the dominant hopping channel in FeSe, its reduction narrows the Fe d bands near the Fermi level, enhancing the electron correlation. This effect is orbital dependent and occurs in the topmost FeSe layer only. We also find the K dosing may increase the Se height, enhancing the electron correlation further. These results shed new light on the comprehensive study of high-Tc FeSe and other low-dimensional systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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electric fields
electrons
orbitals
potassium
electron transfer
potential energy
density functional theory
electronics
atoms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Role of Electric Fields on Enhanced Electron Correlation in Surface-Doped FeSe",
abstract = "Electron-doped high-Tc FeSe reportedly has a strong electron correlation that is enhanced with doping. It has been noticed that significant electric fields exist inevitably between FeSe and external donors along with electron transfer. However, the effects of such fields on the electron correlation are yet to be explored. Here we study potassium- (K-) dosed FeSe layers using density-functional theory combined with dynamical mean-field theory to investigate the roles of such electric fields on the strength of the electron correlation. We find, very interestingly, that the electronic potential-energy difference between the topmost Se and Fe atomic layers, generated by local electric fields of ionized K atoms, weakens the Se-mediated hopping between Fe d orbitals. Since it is the dominant hopping channel in FeSe, its reduction narrows the Fe d bands near the Fermi level, enhancing the electron correlation. This effect is orbital dependent and occurs in the topmost FeSe layer only. We also find the K dosing may increase the Se height, enhancing the electron correlation further. These results shed new light on the comprehensive study of high-Tc FeSe and other low-dimensional systems.",
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Role of Electric Fields on Enhanced Electron Correlation in Surface-Doped FeSe. / Choi, Young Woo; Choi, Hyoung Joon.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 122, No. 4, 046401, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Electron-doped high-Tc FeSe reportedly has a strong electron correlation that is enhanced with doping. It has been noticed that significant electric fields exist inevitably between FeSe and external donors along with electron transfer. However, the effects of such fields on the electron correlation are yet to be explored. Here we study potassium- (K-) dosed FeSe layers using density-functional theory combined with dynamical mean-field theory to investigate the roles of such electric fields on the strength of the electron correlation. We find, very interestingly, that the electronic potential-energy difference between the topmost Se and Fe atomic layers, generated by local electric fields of ionized K atoms, weakens the Se-mediated hopping between Fe d orbitals. Since it is the dominant hopping channel in FeSe, its reduction narrows the Fe d bands near the Fermi level, enhancing the electron correlation. This effect is orbital dependent and occurs in the topmost FeSe layer only. We also find the K dosing may increase the Se height, enhancing the electron correlation further. These results shed new light on the comprehensive study of high-Tc FeSe and other low-dimensional systems.

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