Role of magnetic resonance imaging in entrapment and compressive neuropathy - What, where, and how to see the peripheral nerves on the musculoskeletal magnetic resonance image: Part 1. Overview and lower extremity

Sungjun Kim, Jin Young Choi, Yong Min Huh, Ho Taek Song, Sung Ah Lee, Seung Min Kim, Jin Suck Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The diagnosis of nerve entrapment and compressive neuropathy has been traditionally based on the clinical and electrodiagnostic examinations. As a result of improvements in the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging modality, it plays not only a fundamental role in the detection of space-occupying lesions but also a compensatory role in clinically and electrodiagnostically inconclusive cases. Although ultrasound has undergone further development in the past decades and shows high resolution capabilities, it has inherent limitations due to its operator dependency. We review the general concepts that should be known to evaluate the entrapment and compressive neuropathy in MR imaging. We also review the course of normal peripheral nerves, as well as various clinical demonstrations and pathological features of compressed and entrapped nerves in the lower extremities on MR imaging, according to the nerves involved. The common sites of nerve entrapment of the lower extremity are as follows: sciatic nerve around the piriformis muscle; tibial nerve at the popliteal fossa and tarsal tunnel, common peroneal nerve around the fibular neck, and digital nerve near the metatarsal head. Although MR imaging can depict the peripheral nerves in the extremities effectively, radiologists should be familiar with nerve pathways, common sites of nerve compression, and common space-occupying lesions resulting in nerve compression in MR imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-149
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this