Effects of Catheter Ablation. Background: Papillary muscle (PM) ablation may terminate ventricular fibrillation (VF) in rabbit hearts. Whether or not PM ablation prevents ventricular fibrillation (VF) induction in large animals is unknown. Methods: We performed noncontact endocardial mapping and/or high-density epicardial mapping during VF in 12 dogs and 16 swine and tested the effects of posterior PM (PPM) ablation on VF inducibility. Results: During VF in progressive global ischemia (3 swine and 2 dogs), the highest dominant frequency (DF) was near PPM. The majority of the reentrant wavefronts during a propranolol infusion (swine) were anchored to the PPM. Purkinje potentials onset were recorded on the PPM both during sinus rhythm and during VF. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the endocardium on the PPM with a linear extension of the ablation line from the PPM to the mitral valve annulus and then the left ventricular apex in 7 dogs reduced the VF inducibility from 100% at baseline to 22% after ablation (P < 0.0001). RF applications to the anterolateral wall of dogs (n = 3) did not prevent VF induction. The application of RF energy near the PPM frequently initiated VF in swine (n = 7), preventing subsequent testing of VF inducibility. Conclusion: In dogs and swine, the highest DF and majority of reentrant wavefronts during VF with acute global ischemia or during a propranolol infusion were located on the PPM. RF ablation targeted at the PPM reduced the inducibility of VF in normal dogs. However, the same ablation provoked incessant VF in swine, preventing subsequent testing of VF inducibility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)