The present study examined the alternative treatment of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation for in-stent restenosis (ISR) of the unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA). Twelve patients underwent SES deployment for bare-metal ISR in the LMCA. ISR were 24 ± 11 mm in length and located at the ostial (n = 1) and distal (n = 11) portion of LMCA. Bifurcation lesions were treated with one of three techniques: the stent crossing the left circumflex artery (n = 7), kissing stenting (n = 2) or the Crush technique (n = 2). All procedures were performed using intravascular ultrasound guidance. Periprocedural CK-MB elevation ≥ 3 times normal occurred in 2 patients. There were no cases of significant narrowing in the left circumflex artery after the procedure. At the one-year follow-up, one patient died and there were no incidents of myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularization. The present study suggests that SES implantation may be a feasible therapeutic option for treating ISR in unprotected LMCA.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was partly supported by the Cardio Vascular Research Foundation, Seoul, Korea, a grant of the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Korea (0412-CR02-0704-0001), and Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul, Korea (2004-361, 2005-361).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine