Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) are typically inserted in patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstruction. However, SEMSs are susceptible to occlusion. To overcome this issue, we developed a large-bore, dumbbell-shaped, fully covered SEMS (FCSEMS-L) and compared its efficacy and safety with those of a conventional FCSEMS (FCSEMS-C) in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. Methods: Patients with unresectable distal malignant biliary obstruction were retrospectively enrolled between January 2011 and February 2021. All patients underwent endoscopic insertion of FCSEMSs. Recurrent biliary obstruction (RBO), patient survival time, complications, and prognosis were analyzed. Results: RBO occurred in 31 patients (35.6%) who received an FCSEMS-L, and in 34 (45.9%) who received an FCSEMS-C. Stent occlusion occurred in 19 patients (21.8%) who received an FCSEMS-L, and in 22 (29.7%) who received an FCSEMS-C. Stent migration occurred in 12 patients (13.8%) with an FCSEMS-L and 12 (16.2%) with an FCSEMS-C. The median time to RBO (TRBO) was 301 days with an FCSEMS-L and 203 days with an FCSEMS-C. The median survival time was 479 days with an FCSEMS-L and 523 days with an FCSEMS-C. The TRBO and patient survival time did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusions: There were no significant differences in efficacy and complication rates between the fully covered large bore SEMSs and conventional fully covered SEMSs.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jun 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This study was funded by the National Research Foundation, Ministry of Science and ICT of Korea (NRF-2020R1A2C1100753), a faculty research grant from the Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2020-0074, 6-2020-0133), the 2022 domestic medical device new product association-linked user (Medical Institution) multi-institution evaluation support project, and research grant from Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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