Background: In patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with a high risk of ischemic events, the safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stent (DES) are unclear. Methods: Based on the nationwide, multicenter, prospective registry, we selected 1,592 patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with everolimus-(EES) and zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) for STEMI with a high risk of an ischemic event. The occurrence of target lesion failure (TLF) for 3 years, defined as the composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI), and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (ID-TLR), was evaluated. Results: The prevalence of high ischemic risk features was observed in 43.4% (2,744/6,325) of overall patients with STEMI. Among them, a total of 1,078 and 514 patients were treated with EES and ZES, respectively. At 3 years, the risk of TLF was not significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.93). In addition, the incidence of cardiac death, TV-MI, ID-TLR, and definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) were also not different between the two groups. Moreover, elderly patients (age > 75 years) and PCI for the left main disease were identified as independent predictors of TLF. Conclusion: Implantation of EES or ZES provided comparable clinical outcomes in STEMI patients and high ischemic risks.
|Journal||Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 May 23|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a faculty research grant from Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2020-0161) and a fund (2016-ER6304-02) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Copyright © 2022 Lee, Kim, Son, Cho, Kim, Kim, Choi, Hong, Jeong and Jang.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine