Purpose: This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for treatment of the left subdiaphragmatic small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) adjacent to the heart. Materials and Methods: Between September 2013 and March 2018, 189 consecutive patients underwent cryoablation for small HCCs (≤3 cm); 70 patients (mean: 61.3 ± 10.6 years of age; range: 40–82 years) with left hepatic tumors (22 juxtacardiac and 48 nonjuxtacardiac tumors) were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into juxtacardiac and nonjuxtacardiac tumor groups (tumor margins: ≤10 mm and >10 mm, respectively, from the heart border). The rates of technical success, complete ablation, complications, and local tumor recurrence (LTR) were evaluated. Results: No significant intergroup differences were observed in the mean diameter of the tumor (17.9 ± 5.5 mm vs. 17.5 mm ± 5.2, respectively; P = 0.781) and of the ablation zone (41.3 ± 4.2 mm vs. 43.5 ± 5.8 mm, respectively; P = 0.115). Technical success was achieved in all patients. No procedure-related major complications occurred in either group. The median follow-up period was 15 months (range: 3.1–49.6 months). No statistically significant intergroup differences were observed in the rates of complete ablation (90.9% vs. 93.8%, respectively; P = 0.646) and LTR (20% vs. 15.6%, respectively; P = 0.725). Conclusions: Cryoablation is a safe treatment modality for patients with juxtacardiac small HCCs, without an increased risk of cardiac complications compared to treatment of HCCs that are nonjuxtacardiac, and with comparable efficacy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine