Scaffolded writing and rewriting in the discipline: A web-based reciprocal peer review system

Kwangsu Cho, Christian D. Schunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

338 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes how SWoRD (scaffolded writing and rewriting in the discipline), a web-based reciprocal peer review system, supports writing practice, particularly for large content courses in which writing is considered critical but not feasibly included. To help students gain content knowledge as well as writing and reviewing skills, SWoRD supports the whole cycle of writing, reviews, back-reviews, and rewriting by scaffolding the journal publication process as its authentic practice model. In addition, SWoRD includes algorithms that compute individual reviewer's review accuracy, which is in turn used to support the various drawbacks of reciprocal peer reviews (e.g., variation in motivation or ability of reviewers). Finally, this paper describes an empirical evaluation showing that the SWoRD approach is effective in improving writing quality in content classes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-426
Number of pages18
JournalComputers and Education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was funded by grants from the University of Pittsburgh Office, Korean Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Andrew Mellon Foundation. We thank Jennifer Dorfield and anonymous reviewers for their comments on earlier drafts.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Education


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