Pb-induced superstructures on Si(557) are investigated by low-energy-electron diffraction (LEED) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Using an indirect heating method, we have succeeded in obtaining almost perfect single-domain LEED patterns of one-dimensional wire (chain) structures, so called α×2 and β×2 phases. Careful LEED analysis and STM investigation reveal that these phases are formed on the (223) and (112) facets, respectively. The α×2 phase has regular bundles of triple wires at low annealing temperature but wider bundles through step bunching after a higher temperature annealing. Along the wires of the α×2 phase, which was recently reported to exhibit a transition between one-dimensional (1D) metallic and 2D semiconducting conductance, a clear commensurate ×2 modulation is observed at 78-120 K in contrast to the incommensurate and disordered structure reported previously. A tentative atomic structure model of the α×2 phase is proposed based on the dense Pb overlayers on (111) and (223) facets. The details of the STM images of the β×2 phase are discussed.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Oct 5|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics