Schistosoma mansoni-Related hepatosplenic morbidity in adult population on Kome Island, Sengerema district, Tanzania

Godfrey M. Kaatano, Duk Young Min, Julius E. Siza, Taisoon Yong, Jong Yil Chai, Yunsuk Ko, Su Young Chang, John M. Changalucha, Keeseon S. Eom, Han Jong Rim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Schistosomiasis is one of the important neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in Tanzania, particularly in Lake Victoria zone. This baseline survey was a part of the main study of integrated control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) aimed at describing morbidity patterns due to intestinal schistosomiasis among adults living on Kome Island, Sengerema District, Tanzania. Total 388 adults from Kome Islands (about 50 people from each village) aged between 12 and 85 years, were examined by abdominal ultrasound according to the Niamey protocol. Liver image patterns (LIPs) A and B were considered normal, and C-F as distinct periportal fibrosis (PPF). The overall prevalence of PPF was 42.2%; much higher in males than in females (47.0% in male vs 34.4% in females, P=0.007). Abnormal increase of segmental branch wall thickness (SBWT) and dilated portal vein diameter (PVD) were also more common in males than in females. Hepatosplenomegaly was frequently encountered; 68.1% had left liver lobe hepatomegaly and 55.2% had splenomegaly. Schistosoma mansoni-related morbidity is quite high among adults in this community justifying the implementation of integrated control strategies through mass drug administration, improved water supply (pumped wells), and health education that had already started in the study area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
JournalKorean Journal of Parasitology
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

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Tanzania
Schistosoma mansoni
Islands
Schistosomiasis
Morbidity
Fibrosis
Water Wells
Neglected Diseases
Population
Schistosomiasis mansoni
Hepatomegaly
Victoria
Helminths
Liver
Splenomegaly
Lakes
Portal Vein
Health Education
Soil
Pharmaceutical Preparations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Kaatano, Godfrey M. ; Min, Duk Young ; Siza, Julius E. ; Yong, Taisoon ; Chai, Jong Yil ; Ko, Yunsuk ; Chang, Su Young ; Changalucha, John M. ; Eom, Keeseon S. ; Rim, Han Jong. / Schistosoma mansoni-Related hepatosplenic morbidity in adult population on Kome Island, Sengerema district, Tanzania. In: Korean Journal of Parasitology. 2015 ; Vol. 53, No. 5. pp. 545-551.
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Kaatano, GM, Min, DY, Siza, JE, Yong, T, Chai, JY, Ko, Y, Chang, SY, Changalucha, JM, Eom, KS & Rim, HJ 2015, 'Schistosoma mansoni-Related hepatosplenic morbidity in adult population on Kome Island, Sengerema district, Tanzania', Korean Journal of Parasitology, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 545-551. https://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2015.53.5.545

Schistosoma mansoni-Related hepatosplenic morbidity in adult population on Kome Island, Sengerema district, Tanzania. / Kaatano, Godfrey M.; Min, Duk Young; Siza, Julius E.; Yong, Taisoon; Chai, Jong Yil; Ko, Yunsuk; Chang, Su Young; Changalucha, John M.; Eom, Keeseon S.; Rim, Han Jong.

In: Korean Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 53, No. 5, 01.10.2015, p. 545-551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Schistosoma mansoni-Related hepatosplenic morbidity in adult population on Kome Island, Sengerema district, Tanzania

AU - Kaatano, Godfrey M.

AU - Min, Duk Young

AU - Siza, Julius E.

AU - Yong, Taisoon

AU - Chai, Jong Yil

AU - Ko, Yunsuk

AU - Chang, Su Young

AU - Changalucha, John M.

AU - Eom, Keeseon S.

AU - Rim, Han Jong

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AB - Schistosomiasis is one of the important neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in Tanzania, particularly in Lake Victoria zone. This baseline survey was a part of the main study of integrated control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) aimed at describing morbidity patterns due to intestinal schistosomiasis among adults living on Kome Island, Sengerema District, Tanzania. Total 388 adults from Kome Islands (about 50 people from each village) aged between 12 and 85 years, were examined by abdominal ultrasound according to the Niamey protocol. Liver image patterns (LIPs) A and B were considered normal, and C-F as distinct periportal fibrosis (PPF). The overall prevalence of PPF was 42.2%; much higher in males than in females (47.0% in male vs 34.4% in females, P=0.007). Abnormal increase of segmental branch wall thickness (SBWT) and dilated portal vein diameter (PVD) were also more common in males than in females. Hepatosplenomegaly was frequently encountered; 68.1% had left liver lobe hepatomegaly and 55.2% had splenomegaly. Schistosoma mansoni-related morbidity is quite high among adults in this community justifying the implementation of integrated control strategies through mass drug administration, improved water supply (pumped wells), and health education that had already started in the study area.

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