This work evaluated the effects of individual alkaline, sodium carbonate (Na2CO3 denoted as; NaC), sodium sulfide (Na2SO3 denoted as; NaS) and combination of NaC + NaS pretreatment for the saccharification of sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The effects of different pretreatments on chemical composition and structural complexity of SCB in relation with its saccharification were investigated. For enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated SCB we have utilized the produced crude enzymes by Streptomyces sp. MDS to make the process more cost effective. A enzyme dose of 30 filter paperase (FPU) produced a maximum reducing sugar (RS) 592 mg/g with 80.2% hydrolysis yield from NaC + NaS pretreated SCB under optimized conditions. The resulted enzymatic hydrolysates of each pretreated SCB were applied for hydrogen production using Clostridium beijerinckii KCTC1785. NaC + NaS pretreated SCB hydrolysates exhibited maximum H2 production relative to other pretreatment methods. Effects of temperature, initial pH of culture media and increasing NaC + NaS pretreated SCB enzymatic hydrolysates concentration (2.5–15 g/L) on bioH2 production were investigated. Under the optimized conditions, the cumulative H2 production, H2 production rate, and H2 yield were 1485 mL/L, 61.87 mL/L/h and 1.24 mmol H2/mol of RS (0.733 mmol H2/g of SCB), respectively. The efficient conversion of the SCB hydrolysate to H2 without detoxification proves the viability of process for cost-effective hydrogen production.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Dongguk University-Seoul , South Korea under research fund 2016–2018. This work was also supported by Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET) through Agricultural-Bio Technology Development Program funded by Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) ( 710003-07-7-SB120, 116075-3 ) and funded by Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute ( A117-00197-0703-0 ). Authors would like to thank Ton Duc Thang University , Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, for the financial assistance of this study.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology