CD11c/CD18 is expressed primarily on myeloid cells, where its expression is regulated both during differentiation and during monocyte maturation into tissue macrophages, and is also a receptor for fibrinogen and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We focused on the molecular mechanisms leading to the activation of CD11c expression in differentiating U937 cells. During phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced differentiation of U937 cells, we found that the mRNA expression of CD11c was increased. Se-methylselenocysteine (Se-MSC) potentiated up-regulation of CD11c expression and its promoter activity and increased PLD1 activity without affecting the level of PLD1 protein in PMA-treated cells. To examine the regulation mechanism of PMA and Se-MSC on CD11c gene expression through the activation of PLD1, we analyzed changes in the CD11c mRNA level and the promoter activity following treatment of a selective PLD inhibitor n-butanol. The combinatory effect of PMA and Se-MSC on CD11c gene expression was abolished by n-butanol in a dose-dependent manner. Further, introduction of PLD1 gene into U937 cells increased CD11c mRNA expression and activated CD11c promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner. These results showed that Se-MSC increased PMA-induced CD11c expression through the activation of PLD1 signaling pathway. To our knowledge, this is the first report that expression of the CD11c gene is regulated by PLD1 and is enhanced by Se-MSC during PMA-induced U937 differentiation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the MRC Program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (No. R13-2002-028-03001-0).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy