Search for light tetraquark states in ϒ(1S) and ϒ(2S) decays

S. Jia, C. P. Shen, C. Z. Yuan, I. Adachi, J. K. Ahn, H. Aihara, S. Al Said, D. M. Asner, H. Atmacan, T. Aushev, R. Ayad, V. Babu, I. Badhrees, S. Bahinipati, A. M. Bakich, V. Bansal, P. Behera, M. Berger, V. Bhardwaj, B. BhuyanJ. Biswal, G. Bonvicini, A. Bozek, M. Bračko, T. E. Browder, D. Červenkov, M. C. Chang, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, B. G. Cheon, K. Chilikin, K. Cho, S. K. Choi, Y. Choi, D. Cinabro, T. Czank, N. Dash, S. Di Carlo, Z. Doležal, D. Dutta, S. Eidelman, D. Epifanov, J. E. Fast, T. Ferber, B. G. Fulsom, R. Garg, V. Gaur, N. Gabyshev, A. Garmash, M. Gelb, A. Giri, P. Goldenzweig, O. Grzymkowska, E. Guido, J. Haba, T. Hara, K. Hayasaka, H. Hayashii, M. T. Hedges, W. S. Hou, T. Iijima, K. Inami, G. Inguglia, A. Ishikawa, R. Itoh, M. Iwasaki, Y. Iwasaki, W. W. Jacobs, I. Jaegle, Y. Jin, D. Joffe, K. K. Joo, T. Julius, A. B. Kaliyar, G. Karyan, T. Kawasaki, H. Kichimi, C. Kiesling, D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kim, J. B. Kim, K. T. Kim, S. H. Kim, P. Kodyš, S. Korpar, D. Kotchetkov, P. Križan, R. Kroeger, P. Krokovny, R. Kulasiri, T. Kumita, A. Kuzmin, Y. J. Kwon, J. S. Lange, I. S. Lee, S. C. Lee, L. K. Li, Y. Li, L. Li Gioi, J. Libby, D. Liventsev, M. Lubej, T. Luo, M. Masuda, T. Matsuda, D. Matvienko, M. Merola, K. Miyabayashi, H. Miyata, R. Mizuk, H. K. Moon, T. Mori, R. Mussa, M. Nakao, T. Nanut, K. J. Nath, Z. Natkaniec, M. Nayak, M. Niiyama, N. K. Nisar, S. Nishida, S. Ogawa, S. Okuno, S. L. Olsen, H. Ono, Y. Onuki, P. Pakhlov, G. Pakhlova, B. Pal, S. Pardi, C. W. Park, H. Park, S. Paul, I. Pavelkin, R. Pestotnik, L. E. Piilonen, M. Ritter, A. Rostomyan, G. Russo, Y. Sakai, M. Salehi, S. Sandilya, L. Santelj, T. Sanuki, V. Savinov, O. Schneider, G. Schnell, C. Schwanda, Y. Seino, K. Senyo, O. Seon, M. E. Sevior, V. Shebalin, T. A. Shibata, N. Shimizu, J. G. Shiu, B. Shwartz, J. B. Singh, A. Sokolov, E. Solovieva, M. Starič, J. Stypula, M. Sumihama, T. Sumiyoshi, M. Takizawa, U. Tamponi, K. Tanida, F. Tenchini, M. Uchida, T. Uglov, Y. Unno, S. Uno, P. Urquijo, Y. Usov, C. Van Hulse, G. Varner, A. Vossen, B. Wang, C. H. Wang, M. Z. Wang, P. Wang, X. L. Wang, M. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, E. Widmann, E. Won, Y. Yamashita, H. Ye, Y. Yusa, S. Zakharov, Z. P. Zhang, V. Zhilich, V. Zhukova, V. Zhulanov, A. Zupanc

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Abstract

We search for the JPC = 0−− and 1þ− light tetraquark states with masses up to 2.46 GeV=c2 in ϒð1SÞ and ϒð2SÞ decays with data samples of ð102 2Þ million and ð158 4Þ million events, respectively, collected with the Belle detector. No significant signals are observed in any of the studied production modes, and 90% credibility level (C.L.) upper limits on their branching fractions in ϒð1SÞ and ϒð2SÞ decays are obtained. The inclusive branching fractions of the ϒð1SÞ and ϒð2SÞ decays into final states with f1ð1285Þ are measured to be Bðϒð1SÞ → f1ð1285Þ þ anythingÞ ¼ ð46 28ðstatÞ 13ðsystÞÞ × 10−4 and Bðϒð2SÞ → f1ð1285Þ þ anythingÞ ¼ ð22 15ðstatÞ 6.3ðsystÞÞ × 10−4. The measured χb2 → J=ψ þ anything branching fraction is measured to be ð1.50 0.34ðstatÞ 0.22ðsystÞÞ × 10−3, and 90% C.L. upper limits for the χb0;b1 → J=ψ þ anything branching fractions are found to be 2.3 × 10−3 and 1.1 × 10−3, respectively. For Bðχb1 → ω þ anythingÞ, the branching fraction is measured to be ð4.9 1.3ðstatÞ 0.6ðsystÞÞ × 10−2. All results reported here are the first measurements for these modes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112002
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume96
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the KEKB group for the excellent operation of the accelerator; the KEK cryogenics group for the efficient operation of the solenoid; and the KEK computer group, the National Institute of Informatics, and the PNNL/EMSL computing group for valuable computing and SINET5 network support. We acknowledge support from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), and the Tau-Lepton Physics Research Center of Nagoya University; the Australian Research Council; Austrian Science Fund under Grant No. P 26794-N20; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Contracts No. 10575109,

Funding Information:
No. 10775142, No. 10875115, No. 11175187, No. 11475187, No. 11521505 and No. 11575017; the Chinese Academy of Science Center for Excellence in Particle Physics; the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under Contract No. LTT17020; the Carl Zeiss Foundation, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the Excellence Cluster Universe, and the VolkswagenStiftung; the Department of Science and Technology of India; the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy; the WCU program of the Ministry of Education, National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea Grants No. 2011-0029457, No. 2012-0008143, No. 2014R1A2A2A01005286, No. 2014R1A2A2A01002734, No. 2015R1A2A2A01003280, No. 2015H1A2A1033649, No. 2016R1D1A1B01010135, No. 2016K1A3A7A0900 5603, No. 2016K1A3A7A09005604, No. 2016R1D1A1 B02012900, No. 2016K1A3A7A09005606, No. NRF-2013K1A3A7A06056592; the Brain Korea 21-Plus program, Radiation Science Research Institute, Foreign Large-size Research Facility Application Supporting project and the Global Science Experimental Data Hub Center of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information; the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the National Science Center; the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research; the Slovenian Research Agency; Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science and MINECO (Juan de la Cierva), Spain; the Swiss National Science Foundation; the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan; and the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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