Search for standard model production of four top quarks in proton–proton collisions at s=13 TeV

The CMS Collaboration, CERN, Switzerland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A search for events containing four top quarks (tt¯tt¯) is reported from proton–proton collisions recorded by the CMS experiment at s=13 TeV and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.6 fb−1. The analysis considers the single-lepton (e or μ)+jets and the opposite-sign dilepton (μ+μ, μ±e, or e+e)+jets channels. It uses boosted decision trees to combine information on the global event and jet properties to distinguish between tt¯tt¯ and tt¯ production. The number of events observed after all selection requirements is consistent with expectations from background and standard model signal predictions, and an upper limit is set on the cross section for tt¯tt¯ production in the standard model of 94 fb at 95% confidence level (10.2 × the prediction), with an expected limit of 118 fb. This is combined with the results from the published CMS search in the same-sign dilepton channel, resulting in an improved limit of 69 fb at 95% confidence level (7.4 × the prediction), with an expected limit of 71 fb. These are the strongest constraints on the rate of tt¯tt¯ production to date.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-358
Number of pages23
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume772
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie program and the European Research Council and EPLANET (European Union); the Leventis Foundation ; the A. P. Sloan Foundation ; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office ; the Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture ( FRIA -Belgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie ( IWT -Belgium); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of the Czech Republic; the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research , India; the HOMING PLUS program of the Foundation for Polish Science , cofinanced from European Union, European Regional Development Fund , the Mobility Plus program of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education , the National Science Center (Poland), contracts Harmonia 2014/14/M/ST2/00428 , Opus 2014/13/B/ST2/02543 , 2014/15/B/ST2/03998 , and 2015/19/B/ST2/02861 , Sonata-bis 2012/07/E/ST2/01406 ; the National Priorities Research Program by Qatar National Research Fund ; the Programa Clarín-COFUND del Principado de Asturias ; the Thalis and Aristeia programs cofinanced by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF ; the Rachadapisek Sompot Fund for Postdoctoral Fellowship, Chulalongkorn University and the Chulalongkorn Academic into Its 2nd Century Project Advancement Project (Thailand); and the Welch Foundation , contract C-1845.

Funding Information:
We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: BMWFW and FWF (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq , CAPES , FAPERJ , and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN ; CAS , MOST , and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES and CSF (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); SENESCYT (Ecuador); MoER , ERC IUT , and ERDF (Estonia); Academy of Finland , MEC , and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF , DFG , and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); OTKA and NIH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); MSIP and NRF (Republic of Korea); LAS (Lithuania); MOE and UM (Malaysia); BUAP , CINVESTAV , CONACYT , LNS , SEP , and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); MBIE (New Zealand); PAEC (Pakistan); MSHE and NSC (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Dubna); MON , RosAtom , RAS , RFBR and RAEP (Russia); MESTD (Serbia); SEIDI , CPAN , PCTI and FEDER (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); MST (Taipei); ThEPCenter , IPST , STAR , and NSTDA (Thailand); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); NASU and SFFR (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF ( USA ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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