Identifying the trends in community-onset Acinetobacter baumannii complex isolation and diversity according to temperature could help provide insight into the behavior of the A. baumannii complex. We performed a retrospective analysis of A. baumannii complex (Aci-netobacter baumannii, Acinetobacter nosocomialis, Acinetobacter pittii, and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus) isolates obtained from patients at a Korean community hospital from 2006 to 2015 with reference to seasonal temperatures. The incidence rates were compared between warm (June-September) and cold (November-March) months, defined as an average mean temperature >20°C and ≤5°C, respectively. Incidence rate was calculated as the number of cases per month, converted to cases/105 admissions for healthcare-acquired isolates and cases/103 outpatients for community-onset isolates. Approximately 3,500 A. baumannii complex cases were identified, and 26.2% of them were community-onset cases. The median (interquartile range) number of community-onset A. baumannii complex cases was significantly higher (P= 0.0002) in warm months at 13.8 (9.5-17.6) than in cold months at 10.1 (6.3-13.2). There was a strong correlation between community-onset A. baumannii complex cases and temperature (Pearson's r=0.6805, P=0.0149). Thus, we identified a seasonality pattern for community-onset A. baumannii complex colonization or infection, but not for healthcare-acquired cases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical