Secreted tyrosine kinase Vlk negatively regulates Hedgehog signaling by inducing lysosomal degradation of Smoothened

June Myoung Kim, Hyeseung Han, Minjin Bahn, Yeokyu Hur, Chang Yeol Yeo, Dae Won Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Vlk is a secreted tyrosine kinase that plays crucial roles during vertebrate embryonic development including skeletal formation. Genetic studies suggest that Vlk can modulate the Hedgehog signaling pathway during skeletal development. Despite its potential roles as an extracellular regulator of signaling pathways, little is known regarding the molecular functions of Vlk. Here we show that Vlk can negatively regulate the Hedgehog signaling pathway. We found that Vlk can induce lysosomal degradation of Smoothened, a crucial transmembrane signal transducer of the Hedgehog pathway, through the interaction with the extracellular domain of Smoothened (Smo-ECD). In addition, we observed that Vlk can attenuate Hedgehog signaling-induced ciliary localization of Smoothened. Furthermore, Vlk-mediated suppression of Hedgehog signaling can be diminished by tyrosine-to-phenylalanine substitutions in Smo-ECD. Taken together, these results suggest that Vlk may function as a signaling regulator in extracellular space to modulate the Hedgehog pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-136
Number of pages16
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 8

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by Korean National Research Foundation (NRF) grants from the Korean Government to CYY [NRF-2019R1A2C2010553, NRF-2019R1A5A6099645] and DWK [NRF-2017R1E1A1A01074980].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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