Securing Resection Margin Using Indocyanine Green Diffusion Range on Gastric Wall during NIR Fluorescence-Guided Surgery in Early Gastric Cancer Patients

Minah Cho, Ki Yoon Kim, Sung Hyun Park, Yoo Min Kim, Hyoung Il Kim, Woo Jin Hyung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence lymphography-guided minimally invasive gastrectomy using indocyanine green (ICG) is employed to visualize draining lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes. Endoscopically injected ICG spreads along the gastric wall and emits fluorescence from the serosal surface of the stomach. We aimed to assess the efficacy of ICG diffusion in securing the resection margin. We retrospectively analyzed 503 patients with early gastric cancer located in the body of the stomach who underwent fluorescence lymphography-guided gastrectomy from 2018 to 2021. One day before surgery, ICG was endoscopically injected into four points of the submucosal layer peritumorally. We measured the extent of resection and the resection line based on the ICG diffusion area from the specimen using NIR imaging. The mean area of the ICG diffusion was 82.7 × 75.3 and 86.7 × 80.2 mm2 on the mucosal and serosal sides, respectively. After subtotal gastrectomy, the length of the proximal resection margin was 38.1 ± 20.1, 33.4 ± 22.2, and 28.7 ± 17.2 mm in gastroduodenostomy, loop gastrojejunostomy, and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy, respectively. The ICG diffusion area along the gastric wall secured a resection margin of >28 mm. The ICG diffusion range can be used as a simple and easy method for determining the resection margin during gastrectomy using NIR imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5223
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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