Seismic investigation of the 26 March 2010 sinking of the South Korean naval vessel Cheonanham

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Abstract

A South Korean naval vessel sank on 26 March 2010. A seismic event with magnitude (ML) of 1.5 was observed at the time of vessel-sinking. Seismic waveforms were collected from three local stations. The event origin time is refined based on the P and S arrival times at the stations. The calculated event location and time are close to the reported vessel-sinking location and time, suggesting that the observed seismic event is associated with the vessel-sinking. The amplitudes of S waves are comparable to those of P waves. Seismic waves coupled from acoustic waves are observed, providing additional constraints of epicentral distance and source type. The coupled acoustic waves have a dominant frequency of ~32 Hz. The acoustic waves and high P=S amplitude ratios suggest an underwater explosion. The bodywave magnitude based on Pn is determined to be 1.46, which is consistent with the reported ML. P energy is dominant at around 8.5 Hz, with multiple frequencies of 17.7 and 34.6 Hz. The primary frequency suggests the water-column thickness in the source region to be 44 m, which agrees with the reported value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1554-1562
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Volume101
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1

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Naval vessels
sinking
vessels
acoustic wave
vessel
Acoustic waves
Underwater explosions
Seismic waves
acoustics
stations
underwater explosions
arrival time
seismic wave
P-wave
seismic waves
S-wave
explosion
sinks
P waves
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

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title = "Seismic investigation of the 26 March 2010 sinking of the South Korean naval vessel Cheonanham",
abstract = "A South Korean naval vessel sank on 26 March 2010. A seismic event with magnitude (ML) of 1.5 was observed at the time of vessel-sinking. Seismic waveforms were collected from three local stations. The event origin time is refined based on the P and S arrival times at the stations. The calculated event location and time are close to the reported vessel-sinking location and time, suggesting that the observed seismic event is associated with the vessel-sinking. The amplitudes of S waves are comparable to those of P waves. Seismic waves coupled from acoustic waves are observed, providing additional constraints of epicentral distance and source type. The coupled acoustic waves have a dominant frequency of ~32 Hz. The acoustic waves and high P=S amplitude ratios suggest an underwater explosion. The bodywave magnitude based on Pn is determined to be 1.46, which is consistent with the reported ML. P energy is dominant at around 8.5 Hz, with multiple frequencies of 17.7 and 34.6 Hz. The primary frequency suggests the water-column thickness in the source region to be 44 m, which agrees with the reported value.",
author = "Hong, {Tae Kyung}",
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T1 - Seismic investigation of the 26 March 2010 sinking of the South Korean naval vessel Cheonanham

AU - Hong, Tae Kyung

PY - 2011/8/1

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N2 - A South Korean naval vessel sank on 26 March 2010. A seismic event with magnitude (ML) of 1.5 was observed at the time of vessel-sinking. Seismic waveforms were collected from three local stations. The event origin time is refined based on the P and S arrival times at the stations. The calculated event location and time are close to the reported vessel-sinking location and time, suggesting that the observed seismic event is associated with the vessel-sinking. The amplitudes of S waves are comparable to those of P waves. Seismic waves coupled from acoustic waves are observed, providing additional constraints of epicentral distance and source type. The coupled acoustic waves have a dominant frequency of ~32 Hz. The acoustic waves and high P=S amplitude ratios suggest an underwater explosion. The bodywave magnitude based on Pn is determined to be 1.46, which is consistent with the reported ML. P energy is dominant at around 8.5 Hz, with multiple frequencies of 17.7 and 34.6 Hz. The primary frequency suggests the water-column thickness in the source region to be 44 m, which agrees with the reported value.

AB - A South Korean naval vessel sank on 26 March 2010. A seismic event with magnitude (ML) of 1.5 was observed at the time of vessel-sinking. Seismic waveforms were collected from three local stations. The event origin time is refined based on the P and S arrival times at the stations. The calculated event location and time are close to the reported vessel-sinking location and time, suggesting that the observed seismic event is associated with the vessel-sinking. The amplitudes of S waves are comparable to those of P waves. Seismic waves coupled from acoustic waves are observed, providing additional constraints of epicentral distance and source type. The coupled acoustic waves have a dominant frequency of ~32 Hz. The acoustic waves and high P=S amplitude ratios suggest an underwater explosion. The bodywave magnitude based on Pn is determined to be 1.46, which is consistent with the reported ML. P energy is dominant at around 8.5 Hz, with multiple frequencies of 17.7 and 34.6 Hz. The primary frequency suggests the water-column thickness in the source region to be 44 m, which agrees with the reported value.

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