Selective detection of sub-1-ppb level isoprene using Pd-coated In2O3 thin film integrated in portable gas chromatography

Hwaebong Jung, Hyegi Min, Junho Hwang, Jihee Kim, Yong Sahm Choe, Hyun Sook Lee, Wooyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Monitoring breath isoprene concentration plays a role in non-invasive diagnosis of blood-cholesterol levels. In this study, we developed a highly sensitive and selective isoprene analyzer based on a Pd-coated In2O3 thin film integrated in a miniaturized gas chromatography column. To improve the sensing performance, the In2O3 thin films were fabricated with high uniformity and crystallinity using a dual-ion-beam sputtering system, and various metal catalysts (Au, Pt, and Pd) were loaded on the film surface. Among them, the Pd catalyst afforded the highest sensing reaction and the lowest detection limit (approximately 0.4 ppb), which is the best performance ever reported. It also significantly lowered the optimal operating temperature of the sensor from 432 °C to 196 °C. The excellent isoprene sensing performance of the Pd-coated In2O3 film can be attributed to the high density of oxygen vacancies, efficient reduction-reoxidation of PdO, and the Mars-van-Krevelen catalytic reaction. We further optimized the isoprene sensing performance of a Pd-coated In2O3 film by varying the Pd thickness and discovered that 1 nm of Pd deposition showed the optimal status of discontinuous islands for sensing. We expect that our device can be applied to a portable breath isoprene analyzer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152827
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program (2017M3A9F1052297) and the Priority Research Centers Program (2019R1A6A1A11055660) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science and ICT) and the Technology Innovation Program (‘20013621’, Center for Super Critical Material Industrial Technology) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea). H.-S. Lee thanks the Basic Research in Science and Engineering Program of NRF (2021R1A2C1013690). H. Min thanks the Korea Initiative for fostering University of Research and Innovation Program of NRF (2020M3H1A1077207).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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