Selective elemental concentration during the solidification of stainless steel slags for increased Cr recovery with MnO addition

Zhanjun Wang, Il Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The study investigated the effect of MnO on the viscosity and the equilibrium crystallization behavior of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-Cr2O3-MnO stainless steel slags to understand the selective concentration behavior of Cr during slag solidification. The apparent viscosity gradually decreases with higher MnO content, which act as a network modifier, resulting in simpler [SiO4]-structural units. Due to the formation of MnCr2O4 spinel crystals, the tendency of decreasing viscosity is impeded. The equilibrium crystal phase with higher MnO content changes from the Cr2O3 phase to the MnCr2O4 spinel phase during the crystallization process. Distinct separation between Cr-enriched phases with the amorphous phase can be observed and analysis of as-quenched slags after thermochemical equilibrium experiments shows that the overall Cr content in the amorphous phase gradually decreases with higher MnO content and lower temperature, indicating Cr can be selectively enriched in a corresponding Cr-containing crystalline phase. The sizes of the primary Cr-enriched phases are < 20 μm. With a higher MnO content, the volume of the Cr2O3 phase decreases, and the corresponding volume of the MnCr2O4 spinel phase increases. Understanding the distribution characteristics of the Cr-enriched phase and the gradually enriched Cr content can provide a new approach for the increased retrieval of stainless steel slags.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6012-6024
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the third stage of the Brain Korea 21 Plus Project in 2020 and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2018R1A2B2006609).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The American Ceramic Society

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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