Selective metal cation concentration during the solidification of stainless steel EAF dust and slag mixtures from high temperatures for increased Cr recovery

Gibeom Kim, Il Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The selective concentration of valuable metal cations in FetO-Cr2O3-NiO-MnO-containing stainless steel dust has been studied. The hazardous metal cations Fe, Cr, Ni and Mn could be locally concentrated during the solidification of a molten stainless steel slag and dust mixture from high temperatures by controlling the primary crystalline spinel phase. The nucleation and growth of the primary spinel phase could be controlled by varying the slag to dust mixing ratio and the cooling temperature. Significant redistribution between the primary spinel and amorphous phases could be observed, where the contents of Cr and Mn in the crystalline phase could be increased up to 40% and 10%, respectively, from their initial contents of 5% and 4% in the melt. Using the specified controlled cooling conditions, a primary spinel phase concentrated with Fe-Cr-Ni-Mn could be formed, which could be clearly distinguished and eventually separated from the amorphous matrix. The mixed stainless steel slag and dust samples were quenched at various cooling temperatures and with varying amounts of dust to identify and optimize the crystalline phases formed using SEM-EDS (scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy) and XRD (X-ray diffraction) analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-185
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume359
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 5

Fingerprint

Stainless Steel
solidification
slag
Dust
Slags
Solidification
Cations
Stainless steel
cation
steel
Positive ions
Metals
spinel
dust
Recovery
Temperature
metal
Crystalline materials
Cooling
cooling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "Selective metal cation concentration during the solidification of stainless steel EAF dust and slag mixtures from high temperatures for increased Cr recovery",
abstract = "The selective concentration of valuable metal cations in FetO-Cr2O3-NiO-MnO-containing stainless steel dust has been studied. The hazardous metal cations Fe, Cr, Ni and Mn could be locally concentrated during the solidification of a molten stainless steel slag and dust mixture from high temperatures by controlling the primary crystalline spinel phase. The nucleation and growth of the primary spinel phase could be controlled by varying the slag to dust mixing ratio and the cooling temperature. Significant redistribution between the primary spinel and amorphous phases could be observed, where the contents of Cr and Mn in the crystalline phase could be increased up to 40{\%} and 10{\%}, respectively, from their initial contents of 5{\%} and 4{\%} in the melt. Using the specified controlled cooling conditions, a primary spinel phase concentrated with Fe-Cr-Ni-Mn could be formed, which could be clearly distinguished and eventually separated from the amorphous matrix. The mixed stainless steel slag and dust samples were quenched at various cooling temperatures and with varying amounts of dust to identify and optimize the crystalline phases formed using SEM-EDS (scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy) and XRD (X-ray diffraction) analyses.",
author = "Gibeom Kim and Il Sohn",
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journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Selective metal cation concentration during the solidification of stainless steel EAF dust and slag mixtures from high temperatures for increased Cr recovery

AU - Kim, Gibeom

AU - Sohn, Il

PY - 2018/10/5

Y1 - 2018/10/5

N2 - The selective concentration of valuable metal cations in FetO-Cr2O3-NiO-MnO-containing stainless steel dust has been studied. The hazardous metal cations Fe, Cr, Ni and Mn could be locally concentrated during the solidification of a molten stainless steel slag and dust mixture from high temperatures by controlling the primary crystalline spinel phase. The nucleation and growth of the primary spinel phase could be controlled by varying the slag to dust mixing ratio and the cooling temperature. Significant redistribution between the primary spinel and amorphous phases could be observed, where the contents of Cr and Mn in the crystalline phase could be increased up to 40% and 10%, respectively, from their initial contents of 5% and 4% in the melt. Using the specified controlled cooling conditions, a primary spinel phase concentrated with Fe-Cr-Ni-Mn could be formed, which could be clearly distinguished and eventually separated from the amorphous matrix. The mixed stainless steel slag and dust samples were quenched at various cooling temperatures and with varying amounts of dust to identify and optimize the crystalline phases formed using SEM-EDS (scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy) and XRD (X-ray diffraction) analyses.

AB - The selective concentration of valuable metal cations in FetO-Cr2O3-NiO-MnO-containing stainless steel dust has been studied. The hazardous metal cations Fe, Cr, Ni and Mn could be locally concentrated during the solidification of a molten stainless steel slag and dust mixture from high temperatures by controlling the primary crystalline spinel phase. The nucleation and growth of the primary spinel phase could be controlled by varying the slag to dust mixing ratio and the cooling temperature. Significant redistribution between the primary spinel and amorphous phases could be observed, where the contents of Cr and Mn in the crystalline phase could be increased up to 40% and 10%, respectively, from their initial contents of 5% and 4% in the melt. Using the specified controlled cooling conditions, a primary spinel phase concentrated with Fe-Cr-Ni-Mn could be formed, which could be clearly distinguished and eventually separated from the amorphous matrix. The mixed stainless steel slag and dust samples were quenched at various cooling temperatures and with varying amounts of dust to identify and optimize the crystalline phases formed using SEM-EDS (scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy) and XRD (X-ray diffraction) analyses.

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