Self-assembly: From crystals to cells

Bartosz A. Grzybowski, Christopher E. Wilmer, Jiwon Kim, Kevin P. Browne, Kyle J.M. Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

278 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-assembly (SA) is the process in which a system's components - be it molecules, polymers, colloids, or macroscopic particles - organize into ordered and/or functional structures without human intervention. The main challenge in SA research is the ability to "program" the properties of the individual pieces such that they organize into a desired structure. Although a general strategy for doing so is still elusive, heuristic rules can be formulated that guide design of SA under various conditions and thermodynamic constraints. This Review examines SA in both the equilibrium and non-equilibrium/dynamic systems and discusses different SA modalities: energy driven, entropy-driven, templated, and field-directed. Non-equilibrium SA is discussed as a route to reconfigurable ("adaptive") materials, and its connection to biological systems is emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1110-1128
Number of pages19
JournalSoft Matter
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Self-assembly: From crystals to cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Grzybowski, B. A., Wilmer, C. E., Kim, J., Browne, K. P., & Bishop, K. J. M. (2009). Self-assembly: From crystals to cells. Soft Matter, 5(6), 1110-1128. https://doi.org/10.1039/b819321p