Self-assembly

From crystals to cells

Bartosz A. Grzybowski, Christopher E. Wilmer, Jiwon Kim, Kevin P. Browne, Kyle J.M. Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

258 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-assembly (SA) is the process in which a system's components - be it molecules, polymers, colloids, or macroscopic particles - organize into ordered and/or functional structures without human intervention. The main challenge in SA research is the ability to "program" the properties of the individual pieces such that they organize into a desired structure. Although a general strategy for doing so is still elusive, heuristic rules can be formulated that guide design of SA under various conditions and thermodynamic constraints. This Review examines SA in both the equilibrium and non-equilibrium/dynamic systems and discusses different SA modalities: energy driven, entropy-driven, templated, and field-directed. Non-equilibrium SA is discussed as a route to reconfigurable ("adaptive") materials, and its connection to biological systems is emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1110-1128
Number of pages19
JournalSoft Matter
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 19

Fingerprint

Self assembly
self assembly
Crystals
cells
crystals
Colloids
Biological systems
colloids
Polymers
Dynamical systems
Entropy
routes
Thermodynamics
entropy
thermodynamics
Molecules
polymers
molecules
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Grzybowski, B. A., Wilmer, C. E., Kim, J., Browne, K. P., & Bishop, K. J. M. (2009). Self-assembly: From crystals to cells. Soft Matter, 5(6), 1110-1128. https://doi.org/10.1039/b819321p
Grzybowski, Bartosz A. ; Wilmer, Christopher E. ; Kim, Jiwon ; Browne, Kevin P. ; Bishop, Kyle J.M. / Self-assembly : From crystals to cells. In: Soft Matter. 2009 ; Vol. 5, No. 6. pp. 1110-1128.
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Grzybowski, BA, Wilmer, CE, Kim, J, Browne, KP & Bishop, KJM 2009, 'Self-assembly: From crystals to cells', Soft Matter, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1110-1128. https://doi.org/10.1039/b819321p

Self-assembly : From crystals to cells. / Grzybowski, Bartosz A.; Wilmer, Christopher E.; Kim, Jiwon; Browne, Kevin P.; Bishop, Kyle J.M.

In: Soft Matter, Vol. 5, No. 6, 19.03.2009, p. 1110-1128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Grzybowski BA, Wilmer CE, Kim J, Browne KP, Bishop KJM. Self-assembly: From crystals to cells. Soft Matter. 2009 Mar 19;5(6):1110-1128. https://doi.org/10.1039/b819321p